inside the Old School, Sutton on Hull, East Yorkshire


to view the specific site.
I will indicate any link that makes a charge to view information,
though most of them on here are FREE.

Link Requesters from other countries should carefully note:

So Commercial Companies Should Note This ;
we do not take or accept commercial advertising.
In particular, we have no interest in advertising or linking to:
Insurance or Financial Operations, nor Legal or Medical services,
Welfare advice lines for Families, Children, Animals of any sort,
Plants or any other Organisms such as Protest Groups, political or otherwise,
or advertising of any Products, for home, business or garden.
If a website is recommended, it's because I or my friends here at the museum
found it useful for history, and we actually like it.
We're not on any 'screw', 'take' or kickback here.
For those not familiar or aware with those terms,
they are British colloquial speak for 'bribes'.
Nor do we give in to relentless pressure.

The answer is still No. Non. Nein
.. and the most fashionable at the moment, Nyet.
Politely of course -- we are British!

They should also note that we are all volunteers
at this museum; none are paid for their time.
Indeed, it's the other way round,
for the most part, we pay to work here.
That's another odd British thing too - doing summat for now't. Wierd.
It is sad to have to waste space to post this notice
but folks would be amazed at the diverse types of outfits that
want us to put their advertising links here. I was a fool to have
added any medical ones, like to asbestosis, in the first place;
they just act as a pull magnet to all the others.

Sutton & Wawne Home Page . . press F11 to toggle
								Full Screen

RAF Sutton on Hull page

Click anywhere in this box to go
specifically to a lot of links to
M  I  L  I  T  A  R  Y     A  R  C  H  I  V  E  S
of the    TWO    WORLD    WARS

They're much further down this page
and include a list of
being a dozen or so suggested questions younger
Family Historians could ask their grandparents
about their time in the Armed Forces

Museum & Family History Research on Fridays in
										the Old School Rooms, a marvellous display of life in Sutton and Wawne in times
										past .. much more to see when you visit .. Incredible list of resources. Use in
										conjunction with FAMILY HISTORY button in menu ...

Click this link to go to
Links to other churches and cathedrals nationwide

view Side Menu on the left if not already visible,
										for a lot more button links; goes back to Home Page, then click History Links

Click the Other Links button
in the menu to get back to this page

to ease your eyes,
use your View and Fonts menu
to enlarge the type

Most of these links are to other sites,
and will open in a new browser window.
This Sutton & Wawne page
will stay open behind whilst you browse,
just close each new browser window
when you've done with it.

Old Books and MSS

At risk of viewers thinking we may be trying to guide them away
from our own site, we post even more History Links on yet another page
to other sites of more general, but even deeper historical interest.
Some have connections to the East Riding, and some to the wider UK,
and the first ones are to FREE eBooks. I know it sounds improbable,
but they are genuinely free to use. Just watch for futher links to not-so-free
products or services. Be careful where you 'click, tap, or point'.

And do 'Bookmark' us so that you can come back and find us again.


With the internet as we know it being now some 30 years old, it stands to reason that many original links and website addresses will have changed over the years, or even no longer exist. I'm sure you've sometimes clicked a link and nothing happens, or an annoying page of adverts you didn't want pops up. It's the same with me, it happens occasionally when I check this links page that some no longer work. Sometimes, the address has changed ever so slightly, but often it's disappeared entirely. If there is a page you used to visit, that no longer exists, and desperately need to see again, all may not be lost. It may be a page you wrote, on a site that went down, and you want to recover the text. There is an excellent archive site, that continuously trawls the web and archives pages at regular intervals, say every couple of months or so.

Commonly known as the SCREENSHOTS .. it is now a recommended replacement to the WAY BACK MACHINE which I recommended before. That was good, but it has fell by the wayside in that it is no longer updated. I spotted a link to SCREENSHOTS online, and here it is. Like the WBM, it does indeed go way back, and can often retrieve pages we may have thought long lost. It's very good for web historians to track how a particular site has evolved over the years. If you ever had a site of your own, for more than a few months, and the server went down and you lost all your info without any backup, you may well find it is still mostly there. If you have a broken link still saved in your Favorites, then you already have the address or URL. Just copy the link, and paste it into the search box at SCREENSHOTS ... the older aerial views of Hull and East Riding towns shown further below is a good example. The pages are all still there, including most of the photographs, as they were when last archived in 2007, but they're just not on the original URL of . . . http://tlfe.org.uk/air/. Paste that address into the SCREENSHOTS and hey presto ... all is not lost. Oh, I nearly forgot to mention, it is free, just as WBM was. Yes, free to all comers. Once again, what a resource! And thanks to those who devised and maintain it now. The servers and hard drives must be phenomenal in size.



voluntary organisations are kept; because they represent the men
and women who fought for our freedoms, and the many who
paid for those freedoms with their lives, in order
for us to have any history worth celebrating.

is one of the most worthwhile organisations ever set up, and also one of the most
widely known. For those not aware,
Group Captain Leonard Cheshire, VC, OM, DSO & Two Bars, DFC ,
was one such man, who fought for our freedoms, and set up this
humanitarian organisation which, along with the one set up by his
second wife, Sue Ryder, sort of kick-started today's hospice movement
for people with terminal illnesses.

And, LEST WE FORGET - Over the years, we have all known many ex-servicemen and women who gave of their best years to serve in the forces, whether as volunteers or by conscription. We young'uns who came along in the 1950s have probably enjoyed the very best that Britain has ever been able to offer, thanks to the peace and security those hundreds of thousands of men and women gave us.

This is one way we can help,
to say thanks to those who came home,
and Give Thanks for the lives
of those who didn't.

The Royal British Legion Home Page
Did you know that you don't have to have been
in the Forces to join the Royal British Legion?

And for Family Historians, here is another potentially very useful link -
indispensable some would say. Go straight to the
We hope it helps -

- it truly is an olympic site and archive of hundreds of thousands of names;
and that includes BOTH World Wars;
ALL 4 services including the Merchant Marine, and Civilians killed in the UK,
and ALL countries of the Empire and Commonwealth.
Even if your relative was lost at sea, he or she will be honoured on this database.

RANDOM ACTS OF GENEALOGICAL KINDNESS . . . I must take an early space to promote this organisation. They are a worthy cause, and need volunteers. So perhaps if someone has helped you along the road with your genealogy, maybe you could return the favour once you are up and running and help someone else out. They are worldwide, and need people everywhere, so if you're a kind person inclined to do someone else a good turn with their research and help them out, please do give them a visit and sign up. This was the site, back in 2003, that helped me to contact Bronwen Hughes in Sydney, Australia, when I was originally looking to find the family of the fighter pilot in our graveyard. Not only did Bronwen help, she turned out to be a relative of that pilot! Another internet family history success story. Thank you, Bronwen.

Reading This Page will inform anyone about our policy regarding adding links, what type of links we are interested in, and most firmly what type of link we have no interest in. Reading it will save them, and us, an enormous amount of time.
We do British history, nothing else.

- a list of all the names on all the plaques, from both World Wars. Also now included are the men of St Marks and The Groves, Stoneferry and Wilmington. All names should also be able to be checked out at the CWCG site above. Additionally, as of Jan 2014, we now have a searchable database in the museum of all the WW1 dead of Sutton. Over the next 4 years, we will complete it for the former parishes of Stoneferry, Wilmington, and The Groves, which historically were all part of the wider Sutton parish, until around 1887. Folks may be surprised to know that Sutton parish extended right down to the north side of Witham.

also has a page and a Roll of Honour for their three war dead - click on the link on that page.

THE HISTORY PIN . . . another site sent to me by a friend. This is a global community collaborating around history. Where you can submit and upload historic photos of your family and tell a little of their story. Prince William of Wales has uploaded a photo of himself and his grandmother, HM The Queen. At the time of posting this link, it boasts of over 316,000 materials and memories, sent by over 52,000 users, and growing daily. Lots of historic interest up there, so worth a good browse.

I've tried to add our little museum and family history centre to Historypin and the maps ... not sure how it all works yet, but sure our Church Street number is not 19, but it was the closest the map would allow us to get. You can see what we post up to the map here .. hopefully, we'll post some historic images soon, a small selection of what we have for viewing inside the museum on Fridays.

Back to the Sutton & Wawne Museum Page
back to Home Page

MILITARY ARCHIVES AND THE TWO WORLD WARS There's a group of links near the bottom of this page specifically to Military Archives dealing with records from both World Wars. Some sites just list the details of archives that are available if you write or visit, mostly in London, and others are sites where some information is available on line.


do note that these links are not posted in any particular order, usually just as
I came to them; some of these near the top could be the newest.

THE HEDON MUSEUM ... Situated a little hidden away at the back of the Town Hall and shops in St Augustine's Gate, this marvellous little and growing museum has artefacts from all eras of the former seaport's history. They have rotating exhibitions throughout the year, covering a wide aspect of historical and artistic subject matter as well as an excellent and growing FaceBook page. They open Wednesdays and Saturdays, 10am-4pm, during the summer months through to autumn. Parking is on a nearby free car park, accessed via Iveson Close from Fletcher Gate, the main road through Hedon. But do get there early - Wednesday is also market day! The museum is tucked away on the far side of the car park; but trust me, it is worthwhile looking for this little known gem. Find the car park on Google Maps, you're nearly there, but the photo it shows is misleading ... so clicking the photo above may help.

SWANLAND HERITAGE CENTRE ... a relatively new (2013) but excellent heritage facility in the ancient village of Swanland. Located in the former library (that used to be the Sir James Reckitt Institute for the village), they have a display of old photos, maps and plans detailing the history of the village and the wider surrounding areas. The photo collection is growing quickly now as more are donated. For folks with heritage or old family from the area, to new settlers to the village, the display offers a fascinating peek into past decades. Manned with volunteers, as with us at The Old School, they are totally dependant on visitors. If you, or anyone you know, has 'west of Hull' rural connections, taking in that wider area from Ferriby down on the river over to Kirkella, Anlaby and Willerby, they'll want to see this display. Of course, anyone reading this who actually lives in the area and has a penchant for history, it's almost a given that you would want to get involved .. .. wouldn't you? They also have an excellent and growing FaceBook page , also accessed from the link above.

THE MUSEUM of ENGLISH RURAL LIFE - was founded by the University of Reading in 1951 to reflect and record the changing face of farming and the countryside, and this page is within the university's own website. It houses designated collections of national importance that span the full range of objects, archives, photographs, film and books. Today, it forms part of the University's Museums and Collections Service. One of it's most recent and important displays is that on the "Agricultural Glass Negatives Preservation Project", a year long project to preserve its unique collection of 130,000 glass plate negatives created by the Farmer and Stockbreeder and the Farmers Weekly magazines. The glass negatives contain all aspects of farming life and show just how much farming has changed during the last century. If your family tree is of 'farming stock', and your census research is full of 'Ag Labs' - then this site will give a flavour of life in rural England. Just one aspect of a fascinating website, and one can only imagine that the museum itself must be well worth a visit.

is provided by HULLWEBS, who are the sponsors of our own Sutton website name, and for that we owe them our thanks. This really is a terrific site charting the history of Hull through the centuries. Many, many pages, and links, and specifically, a large section on the two world wars. There is a superb chart showing the locations, times, weights of bombs, hours under alert and casualties, during the Hull Blitz. Should be an award winner, and I'm proud to give it a prominent link here. They also invite YOU to add your story to Hull's story - you and your family are part of it, so why not. Give it a go. The more I learn about this city, the more convinced I am that it has a great story to tell. Be proud of it. Celebrate it. And don't forget to commemorate and remember those whose lives and experience IS the story and couldn't live to see it told this way.

Additionally, there is also a more local site, commemorating the War Dead of this area generally, for Hull and the East Riding. It also opens in a new window.

A brilliantly executed website, both a memorial and research site, dedicated to the 7,500 or so men from Hull who lost their lives in WW1. Searches can be by name, regiment and service, and most incredibly, even by street. Every Hull street that lost a resident is listed, and going down the list of streets and seeing the totals for each is sobering enough in itself. The amount of information to be found on individual casualties belies the amount of research and hard work in compiling the associated databases, let alone the skill and artistic accomplishment in bringing it to the web. Thanks Paul, this has all the hallmarks of a labour of love, and I noted the dedications at the bottom of the page. I imagine, many Hull families will have conveyed their thanks to you already, and many more will do so in the fullness of time.

Another remarkable site, linked strongly to HEROES of HULL above, raising funds for a city centre memorial to Hull's 1,200 civilian war dead, planned to be on the Prudential Corner site. The shop in Whitefriargate is a little treasure trove of information and artefacts of both world wars, but with special emphasis on Hull's long-neglected blitz in 1940-43. A story that has long needed telling, to our visitors and the wider nation in general, they tell and show it very well indeed, and all credit to all those involved. When it comes to family history associated with Hull's blitz, researching wardens, emergency workers, records of addresses and bomb damage, they are a very good first place to start, with more information coming in all the time.

. . . the successor to both the East and West Yorkshires, the Green Howards, and the Duke of Wellington's Regiment. Their website takes you to their regimental museum pages, with a comprehensive regimental history of not just both world wars, but many other conflicts too. There are a surprising number of records you can access online, though some WW2 records pertaining to men enlisted and discharged are not yet available online. Most WW1 records are.

HULL & EAST RIDING AT WAR This site seems to have gone down ... unavailable. For how long, who knows. If anyone knows where they've gone ... ?

HULL BLITZ MAPS - maps plotting the fall of bombs - this links to a new window and a set of 16 scans of a large streetmap of Hull, dated 1945, onto which has been entered details of the fall of HE bombs and mines for the period 1940-44. The many more thousands of incendiary bombs cannot be shown, there simply were far to many to count.
Each section loads separately in a new window, and was roughly A4 in size.

Sadly, for some reason, this no longer works. Runs on MS-Silverlight, which is an Add-On similar to Adobe Flash, but is no longer updated, so browsers won't load it. Shame, because it was very good. So it seems, it's back to the old one above I'm afraid, basic though it is. There's no clue on the site as to who owns or runs it, so I can't even get in touch with them.

There is now this excellent Website devoted entirely to RAF Sutton, and the Balloon and Firefighting Squadrons stationed there over the years. It contains photos, station plan and a full history, indeed, the contents of the book by the late Leonard Bacon. With a foreword by Merrill Rhodes, it is as she says, an excellent read, full of humour and pathos as well as history. Having seen this new site for myself, I am in awe at the layout and clarity, and must congratulate the people at HullWebs above, who have hosted Len's pages in such a magnificent way. A fine memorial to both RAF Sutton and Len himself. To say it comes Highly Recommended is only the half of it. Enjoy!

EYFHS : EAST YORKSHIRE FAMILY HISTORY SOCIETY - This excellent society have an extensive archive of Census data, Monumental Inscriptions, and a full programme of events, displays, talks, etc, for the year. Their magazine is "The Banyan Tree", and they have a well-stocked shop of books, lists and maps that can be ordered online. They meet once a month and have 4 meeting venues around the county, in Beverley, Bridlington, Hull and Scarborough, all with full details and map directions on their website. A thriving society that can give you lots of assistance, also with email Help Desks; you're guaranteed to make many new friends too.

SUTTON'S HISTORIC & LISTED BUILDINGS - A Fascinating Link to a Hull City Council site that lists much of interest within Sutton village; the old houses, ancient trees, monuments, etc (opens like PDF). Includes references to this Old School and the Reading Rooms.

EYLHS : EAST YORKSHIRE LOCAL HISTORY SOCIETY - Focussed on local history in a more general sense, EYLHS are a long established society with as wide a range of history interest as could be wished for. If it's in East Yorkshire and in the past, they're on it. They have a wide range of publications, both their own publications and others, as well as many site visits a year. Their photo gallery is well worth a browse for a variety of views from all over the county.

Facebook Page to The former Reading Rooms, dating from 1877, just along Church Street, about 300m from the Old School. I must recommend you visit this site. Especially for youngsters interested in sports, and even more especially snooker. There's 5 full-sized snooker tables, and 2 for pool. The FB page is superb, the whole place is now effectively a Community Centre, taking on a new lease of life in the past couple of years, and now can offer conference, youth, sport and training facilities on site. An incredible team of volunteers, these are folks that make things happen.
SUTTON CIVIC SOCIETY also meet within the Reading Rooms, every 3rd Wednesday, bi-monthly.

This local group does not have their own website as yet, so this page is just for basic information and local contacts.
The Society are long-time supporters of The Old School and our humble museum within. Another contact is Marlene, at the Reading Rooms listed above.

This venerable and ancient running and athletics club meet at their clubhouse on Saltshouse Road, Hull, HU8 9HF, on Tuesday evenings about 6.45pm. The Club was formed in 1893 under the name of Holderness Road Presbyterian Harriers, with their Headquarters then in the Schoolroom at the Church. Although most of that Church was pulled down in 1972, the Schoolroom still remains, today its part of the Green Man Public House on Holderness Road. Details for how to become a member are on their website.

- info on Sutton station, and a very informative site generally on disused railway stations, by Mark Dyson. Gives a good potted history with dates, maps, and links to nearby stations on the same Hull to Hornsea line, and with some nice b&w photos. Intended for Railway Enthusiasts, but also of much interest to family historians if you want to see something of the atmosphere of where your forebears lived and travelled.

- founded in 1872 and still going strong. A very comprehensive and informative website, where their motto is "East Hull's Friendliest Cricket Club", their ground is at Netherhall, entrance off Midmere Avenue. There are pages for Senior and Junior cricket, a full history of the club, notable players and records and statistics. All in all, an excellent site.

THE COURTYARD - for Plants, Flowers & Ornaments ... no external web link to this excellent little business yet, but there will be. Small local plant shops need all the help they can get, and this one is a real delight, situated in a little courtyard in College St, just around the corner from the church. A vast amount of floral stock, in such a tiny space. Call Jan Lockyer on 07932 944 437 for details of what's on stock now.

FLASHBACK - issue 187 -- March2009 - from The Hull Daily Mail - a local paper of nostalgia, with many articles and photos looking back at to Hull of yesteryear. It frequently carries articles dealing with the trawling and transport industries, and many local news photographs of years ago.

of Yorkshire, Northumberland & Durham

was started by an ex-Hessle Road man, from his home in Canada, along with a friend who is from the north-east, hence the appearance of those other counties too. There are an amazing number of Hull names on that list, strikingly so. For people NOT from Hull, who ever doubted how bad Hull was hit during WWII, then take a look at this. Additionally, there is also a list where the "Casualties Ordered by Date of Fatal Incident". So you can search and see all those folks killed the same day, in the same raids, or even by street. Just do a page search for your street to see if anyone was killed there. As an example, type "Mulgrave" into the search box. This link is repeated on the Church Links page also. It seemed it appropriate to mention it here also.

There is a published extract of just Hull casualties, the 1200 or so of Hull's War Dead. It is available from the East Riding Family History Society , and the HDM also published the full list as a tribute in their commemorative edition on May 7th.

WAR RECORDS of DAMAGED HULL HOUSES - a fantastic new resource made available at THE HISTORY CENTRE. They're not online, but available in the search rooms at The History Centre itself. They contain records of all the houses totally destroyed, damage to houses and what repairs were carried out, even damage to council-owned property like First Aid Posts and Police Boxes. Their casualty lists not only the dead, but those hospitalised and those with minor injuries attended to at First Aid Posts. It will grow and grow.

HULL AIR RAID WARDEN & FIRE WARDEN RECORDS - also at the HULL HISTORY CENTRE - another great new resource following a project that has taken volunteers three and a half years to complete. As with the photo archive above, these lists are not online; you need to go into the History Centre to access them, and remember to take your Reader's Ticket for access to the search room. But this link gives a good idea as to what may be found, and not just ARP records. The helpful receptionists at the desk can enter your relative's name into their computer to tell you if the name you seek is to be found. The wartime record cards will often be related to the company or premises of where the man worked, so you may find out something there that you never knew as well.

an updated link - 1940 added to the address. This site used to have a link to a page listing the details of Flight Lieutenant Paterson Clarence Hughes DFC, of 234 Squadron, who came from Cooma in New South Wales in Australia, and is buried in St James' churchyard, Sutton. If you explore the site, you'll also find links to several Hull and East Riding men who served and lost their lives in that battle. There's also more information about this pilot on our War Memorial page.

NORTH-EAST DIARY 1939 -1945 - by the late Roy Ripley & Brian Pears - another stupendous site that also documents much of the heartache that the North-East underwent during those dark years. RAF casualties and crash landings at numerous airfields, ships built on the Tyne, all sorts of incidents, some of which tie in with the civilian casualties in the list above, make this an incredible archive for those interested in the Home Front of WW2 and family historians alike. Many references to Hull and the East Riding area. Enough to keep you busy all evening.

HOME SWEET HOME FRONT - a comprehensive site documenting life on the Home Front during WW2. Contains a good page on the Women's Land Army, telling how a force of 80,000 women by 1944 were working the land, literally, farming, forestry, every aspect of agriculture. Also contains pages on the WVS, Women's Voluntary Service, and Home Guard, LDV.

FORGOTTEN HEROES - The Wartime Memories Project
Subscription site to access their library - a remarkable website detailing the work of those who had to stay behind. Not everyone could go into the forces - age, or health, could be a factor, or even being in an already "reserved occupation", like mining. Some lads would loved to have joined up and had the chance to go overseas, with all its risks, but instead found themselves as Bevin Boys - sent down t'pit. Being over 40, and perhaps not classed as A1 fit didn't mean they couldn't "serve" - there was always firewatching. And many died doing it. Plus Ambulance Drivers, Firefighters and Firewatchers, Observer Corps, and any number of women's organisations. They all deserve our thanks too.

It's a fact that if some young folk were to go into most old folk's homes, residential homes, today, and spoke to the residents about their trades and jobs in that decade of war years, they would find nearly all were ex-servicemen and women, factory girls making parachutes or uniforms or shells or parts for tanks and lorries, miners, firewatchers (some had to do both !), and many more besides. Very few people, by 1943, got away with doing nothing to help the war effort. And those that did were ostracised by their communities and families. It was easier to do one's bit than skive off.

SUTTON TRADE NAMES IN 1892 - is a direct link to the GENUKI page that lists all the tradespeople and farmers living in Sutton in 1892 - in Bulmer's famous Gazetteer. A fascinating list.

HISTORY OF ALL HULL CHURCHES 1892 . . . again takes us to BULMER'S GAZETTEER, a mine of information for those seeking a brief history of all churches in the Hull area, as of around the turn of the century, 1900. The link takes you to Part 9 : Churches & Chapels and lists churches long since demolished and those destroyed by war, including details of St Mark's in the Groves, St Saviour's and St Peter's, Drypool, all areas of which were in the original St James' parish back in antiquity. Yes, Drypool was in Sutton parish until Stuart times, just before the Restoration of Charles I.

FAMILY HISTORY & GENEALOGY, YORKSHIRE , particularly for those researching Yorkshire families, there is a phenomenal amount of information on this Yorkshire page of the GENUKI WEBSITE ; (it means GENealogyUK&Ireland). The page specific to Sutton is: SUTTON at GENUKI . There's so much it's just mind-blowing, and this web thing has only just got started! You can use this site also as a springboard back to any UK county you want; just follow the links. Another site to keep you up all night ! Your "Other Half" will not thank me for putting you on to all this.

WAWNE - a Photo Site - several pages of old photos going back decades, with contributions by villagers; includes a set on Wawne Ferry, as well as some more modern ones in colour.

CHURCHES - UK & IRELAND - a lovely site, covering just about all counties as far as I could tell, and on which there's a lovely picture of St Peter's in Wawne. They aim to cover as many churches as they can, but when we remember there are already over 9,000 churches covered on this site, each with a photograph, and an estimated 40,000 or so churches in the whole of the UK, it is a massive task. One area in which Sutton residents may help is to identify the many 'unknown churches' from old photographs and paintings. An intriguing collection, and I know some of you will have the answers - do visit this very worthwhile site.

A YORKSHIRE SURNAMES LIST - Established 18th February 2002 by Magdalena Gorrell Guimaraens, this is a huge list of some 24,000 names already being researched. Formerly hosted on Geocities, but now here on GENUKI. You can email them to add your name - it is worth remembering here that, within the GENUKI webpages above, most counties have someone who co-ordinates a "Surnames List" - some county lists are huge, others not so big. Most invite you to submit the name of the person you are looking for, the town/village, and approximate date, and your email/postal address - eg. Brown - Hessle - 1840's-1900 - user@server.co.uk. It's worth a try if you've searched and searched and drawn stumps.

UK PARISH LOCATOR ... this truly is a stunning little UK-wide programme, and I do wish I'd discovered it before. BACK ONLINE, though we still have it if you call in to get a copy is from us at the museum. Bring a stick and ask for it, and we'll copy it onto your stick for you and show you how it works. It's especially useful for finding parishes, and their proximity to each other, in counties other than your own. We mostly know our own counties well, and Hull and ER folk wouldn't need a locator to find even lesser known parishes around our own. But what happens when you find relatives in Cornwall, Herefordshire or Durham, or you're not even from Britain and have never been here. Unless you happen to know other counties very well too, you'll spend hours seeing unfamiliar parish names in lists before some of them will start to make sense and you realise that seemingly unrelated place names are but a mile or two apart, and often the next village just up the lane. This programme is free (it is Freeware, no subs req, doesn't come with popups or bugs ) is superb, gives a list of parishes within a set distance of the one you've found, calculates distances, tells you which compass direction, plus a map reference that can load a Streetmap showing where it is. Very useful for anyone abroad with UK links but haven't the faintest idea of where's where without actually coming here. And a must if you are actually planning to visit a lot of parishes. A brilliant time-saver for visitors. Enjoy.

ANCESTRY IRELAND - the Ulster Historical Foundation, a huge genealogical resource, is a long-established, highly reputable research and publishing agency. It offers extensive knowledge on the sources available for tracing Irish and Scots-Irish ancestors.

PICTURES OF ENGLAND - a superb site of hundreds if not thousands of photos covering all counties and most towns in England. Even if you're familiar with a particular town or area, you'll still see views that will surprise you. And for those of you who would like to visit England but can't, and wonder what your family heritage town or village looked like - enjoy!

**NEW**    BRITISH LISTED BUILDINGS ONLINE - a private database website, being an online database of buildings and structures that are listed as being of special architectural and historic interest. As well as reading the official listing data for each building, you can also view the location on a map, and, where possible, see it in Google Streetview and Bing Birds Eye View. You can also add your own comments, information and photos and view comments and photos submitted by other users of the site. You can browse for listed buildings by country, county and parish or locality. A wonderful online resource, and should be better known and supported.

GEOGRAPH ORG UK - This has grown remarkably in the past couple of years, a site similar to the one above, but run by the Ordnance Survey - a brilliant resource of photos of just about every map grid square in the country! Dozens of photos of all towns - lots of both Hull and East Yorkshire - there's even some of Sutton! There are hundreds and hundreds of modern quality photos of Hull alone, with stupendous collections by names such as Peter Church, Andy Beecroft and David Wright. And that's not to decry the many other contributors that I haven't named. This is the one we've been waiting for - it's still free AND there's no advertising.

GRAVESTONE PHOTOGRAPH RESOURCE - a fantastic idea, a free resource that is voluntary funded. Run from their home site in Suffolk, the first few dozen graveyards to be indexed are in Norfolk & Suffolk. But the intention is to go Nationwide - dependent upon volunteers with digital cameras and the time and motivation to photograph the headstones in their county's graveyards. Can you help ? It's worth a look. And if you do order a picture, remember the time and petrol you've saved by not having to go yourself, send them a few bob.

OULTWOOD - is a Local Government Web Site Index. And not just for the whole of the UK either. Most of Europe, North America and Australasia seem to be covered - EVERY council and local authority, right down to the council tax rates and council minutes ! The point is, within each council area's own website are lots of other links useful to Family Historians - links to local history projects, family history societies, addresses and phone numbers of Records Offices, and a host more. A very useful first-step resource that should be better known, and saves the likes of us hours of searching in Search Engines. Click your county, then your local authority, and in seconds you're looking at resources and further links that you might not be able to get to without having to take a week's holiday.

These three weblinks below are to the famous
Family History Research site, Ancestry.com.
Please be clear, subscriptions to Ancestry.com are NOT FREE,
as with most other links on these pages.
It is charged for, by credit card only, and neither is it cheap.
I pay about 107 per year for my subscription, which is a 'middle rate';
it's not the cheapest, but neither is it the dearest,
which gives overseas shipping and emigration lists I have no need for.

I would ALWAYS recommend that genuine family historians should gain as much info as they can from free resources, like FreeBMD, YorkshireBMD, even the IGI run by the Mormon Church. Once you have found as much as you can, and then want to take it further, then a paid subscription may be the next course. Ancestry.com have asked for these links to be included, and I concede because they are Family History, and I use them myself, and like it. I do not use any other subscription site, so I'm in no position to advise or recommend on others. Those that want to use FindMyPast will have to source that for themselves. So I add these links with strong caveats; These links below will offer a little info for free , but not much. Be clear, they are designed to lead you in to offer you a paid-for subscription.

(all open in a new window)

If you do decide to go for Ancestry.com, please be aware it is an American site, and as is the case with most things re American business, money is key, everything. Americans invented the expression, "There's no such thing as a free lunch." Just remember that, and you won't go far wrong. Know what you are dealing with. I'm still in too minds as to whether I should have included these or not. It's not as if they need advertising here, with all their TV coverage. But if they help you, then good. Be aware that even sending for birth, marriage and death certificates in the UK should not cost you more than 12 ... yes, some sites will do it for you, for about 24 or more. There are a lot of charlatans out there. Profits are there to be made, and the gullible will always pay much more than they need to.

The Deep, Hull - go there !
The Deep, Hull - click for full size.
( photo credit : Joan E Stevens of Leicester )

There's also a small amount of space here
for more Sutton links ;
suggest some, Scouts, Guides, perhaps,
local societies, clubs, etc.
In the meantime, here's a mixed bag of a few
more local links in and around Hull,
that may be of interest to a few of you.


Here's a superb site on the
NORTH YORKSHIRE MOORS - run by a hill walker who took his digital camera everywhere. Dozens and dozens of superb photos - no bull. True, it's not been updated since about 2006, and don't be put off by the 'blank' photo places on the Home Page .. click the Archives link for a real surprise. ARCHIVES Recommended. Ex-pats will be booking a flight home after seeing these. Quantas, where's my commission !?

VIRTUAL TOURIST - is a portal for private people to upload their own photos of places around Britain for all to see. One member, who works in Hull and calling himself "Britannia2" - shows good quality photographs of Hull and towns in and around the wider Yorkshire area, as well as the East Riding. He has a specially good section on Scarborough.

THE VILLAGE PANTRY further along Church St, past The Duke, for a superb little teashop that also does hearty breakfasts, and catering for all small occasions. Our museum had a 'gathering' in there for all our volunteer staff, seated 21 for a slap up tea, and it was superb. Recommended. They're on FaceBook too ... see their visitors ..

GARDEN VILLAGE, HULL - links to a full history, with many old images and modern photos of the legendary Reckitt's Garden Village in East Hull. Shelagh and Walter's site tells the whole story from the original concept of a village for his workers by Sir James Reckitt, through to the post-war years of the Bradford Trust and modern times. A superb site, with more history than you could ever have thought existed.

THE GARDEN VILLAGE SOCIETY on a beautifully designed website by the pupils at Malet Lambert School for the village's centenary in 2008. Well worth a look, more history and photos on the village and the Reckitt family, all fascinating information, along with up-to-date info on current events, etc. Additionally, the former Police Boys Club is now 'The Clubhouse Community Centre' , a Grade II listed building, and hosts several clubs who meet or have activities within, including a choir and historical society. The former boxing ring has given way to several table tennis tables, but many of the former activities are still there, eg martial arts, etc. The clubhouse really has been transformed and is well worth considering as a small venue for meetings, family receptions, etc. For more details re the Clubhouse and activities within, call Rachel Abram on 01482 708104.

BRANSHOLME ON THE WEB - still not on at all, gone offline!

BROOKLANDS PHOTOGRAPHIC CLUB - (formerly Reckitt's) - have their meetings on Wednesday evenings at 7-30pm in the Methodist Church Hall in Sutton. The club was re-founded in April 2005, current membership totals about 40. New Members most welcome onto the waiting list. A few preliminary photos of local Hull & East Riding scenes now in their Galleries 1&3.

DOVE HOUSE HOSPICE - a truly wonderful place. They're always on the lookout for good volunteers - drivers, admin staff, flower arrangers. Yes, even flower arrangers. Whenever I've been in, the place is always full of flowers. Someone has to arrange them all. Visit their site and see what's what.

HULL ROYAL INFIRMARY - aka HRI - AND - CASTLE HILL HOSPITAL - a couple of First Class links to our famous hospitals - the HRI link also links in to Sutton's own adopted hospital, the Princess Royal just along Salthouse Road. So many local people have either been deeply involved in raising monies for various appeals over the years, or had their very lives saved and made worth living, that any page worth its salt has to praise its local medics and nurses. Not to be missed.

THE INSTITUTE of ADVANCED MOTORISTS to gain A SKILL FOR LIFE - So you think you know all about driving? It's no accident that I've posted this link here, straight after the one to the Royal Infirmary. Being an Advanced Motorist is about staying alive - arriving safely - increasing your awareness and doing everything in your power to keep your family safe, and staying away from A&E and the Infirmary. But of course, you know this. But what about your offspring, and grandchildren. What's their driving like? Do they worry you? Maybe one or two of you may be curious enough to explore this link and take the first steps to perhaps save a life - starting with your own younger family members, perhaps even your own life. Passing the qualification also lowers their insurance, gets cheaper breakdown cover and other benefits. If this is something you've already been thinking about, there's never been a better time -
Oh, and yes, they do motorcycling courses and qualifications too. Priceless.

All you could ever wish to know; at last a fine and worthy website to Hull's lost trawler industry. There have been others in the past, but sadly were not able to keep going. We wish this one the very best of luck and hope this site address is here for good. There is a page to the ARCTIC CORSAIR, it's just that this link takes you to the Home Page, and from there a myriad of information on many decades of history and countless numbers of ships. If you want to go quickly just to the ARCTIC CORSAIR, click HERE. Enjoy! You'll be there quite a while.

QUAYSIDES - a photo gallery of a lot more ships, most with local Humber connections or interest. Links to ABP, daily sailings and sighting reports of vessels seen on the Humber, etc. Interestingly also includes links and photos to Hull's adopted warships, GALATEA and IRON DUKE. Also links to the World Ship Society.

RAF HOLMPTON - the top-secret underground Cold War Bunker, open to the public since 2007, with guided tours. A fascinating look at a hitherto unsuspected fact of life on the East Yorkshire coast just south of Withernsea. It houses the only surviving Radar Projection Table in the UK. This is one of the Command Centres that would have run the British nuclear reaction had the 'four-minute warning' been sounded. Though what use four minutes would have done for most of us, I am at a loss to imagine. However, a very Informative website.

EVERYTHING FIRE FIGHTERS - from 911 Fire Fighters to World Trade Center Firemen. Countless links here celebrating the skills and bravery of Firefighters the world over. This link appears here due to their interest in RAF Sutton as a pioneer of military aviation firefighting. We're proud to show them here.

THE HUMBER BRIDGE - fascinating facts and figures, some photos; a well designed and interesting site by K Taylor; some history of the Humber Crossing, facts & figures, plus info on Hull and Beverley.

HUMBER CARS - is a case in point of a local authority either not knowing some of their own history, or else choosing to ignore it. You'd think Hull City Council would want to make more of this, but there we are. It's not generally known in Hull, but the founder of HUMBER CARS actually lived in the town for a time, back in Queen Victoria's time. Thomas Humber was born in Sheffield, but when his family moved to Hull for business reasons, Thomas attended a school in Salthouse Lane near the present Drypool Bridge for about 5 years. Thomas later started his cycle manufacturing business and moved to Nottingham, where he sold the business and site to Raleigh. Then he moved to Coventry, and that's where the manufacture of Humber Cars really began. So this link takes you to what should be held up as one of Hull's gems, the largest working collection of these superb cars anywhere in the world. So where is it - ? Yes, it's in Hull, just down Stoneferry. At least 18 fully working Humbers, from several examples of the Pullman, down through the Snipe series to the Imperial. Remember the days of bench seats in real leather, column change and semaphore arms, doors that opened forward and a rear cabin that you could walk into and turn round. Visit this site, then drop by Reg and Alan Marshall's collection, and spend a memorable couple of hours. If you are getting married, these are the ONLY cars to be seen climbing out of ! And just for once, we have something the south does NOT have, for Londoners have to make do with mere Rollers and Bentleys - but I assure you, these Humbers are in a class of their own. That's why, up to the 1950's, they were the favoured marque of car of the Royal Family. This collection can show three examples owned by royals, including the Queen Mother and late King, and his erstwhile brother when he was Prince of Wales.

OLD CLASSIC CARS - Driven by Classics - quoted from their Home Page : "Vintage, Classic & Antique Cars - Are YOU an enthusiast or owner of a Classic Car ? If so, I hope you enjoy perusing this web site aimed at motorcar fans everywhere! The aim of oldclassiccar.co.uk is to explain in some detail the pros and cons of running a vintage or classic car on a regular basis. What do I look for when buying? How do I spot the hidden rot? Who does drive old cars now and why? Why should I consider a classic car? When is it best for me to buy or sell a classic motor?"
Lots of motoring nostalgia here, including the old British road signs, old maps, etc. Takes you back years and years !

OVERDRIVE AUTO SERVICES - folks come from all over to get their car serviced at Overdrive. I've known Paul, the proprietor, for some 30 years, and it doesn't surprise me considering the first-class service he gives. Car electronics are so complicated these days, some with up to a dozen on-board computers to regulate everything from the engine and brakes to the air-conditioning and locking systems. And all have to function together in harmony with each other. That's where Paul's knowledge as a specialist, with qualifications in engine diagnostics management, is so valuable. His garage is just up Dalton Street, in the yard on the left before the Council Depot, and there's a full map and directions on the page when you click this link .

SPURN POINT: A cyclic coastal landform - another fascinating site; it explains how Spurn was formed, is changing, and may not be there much longer ! See why your grandchildren may not be able to enjoy the Spurn you knew. There's links to RSPB, nature watching, and the Humber Coastguard, the RNLI lifeboat station and crews, and Humber Pilots. Even a list of dates of Humber Lifeboat callouts, as well as links to other RNLI information. Lovely. This is the address of the original site that was linked here. It still works in the WAY BACK MACHINE listed above.

The "RMS QUEEN MARY" - never mind the new Queen Mary 2 - that's just an overblown ferry, no style and all publicity. Does anyone have any interest in the OLD Cunarder, former Blue Riband holder and three-funnelled Queen of the Atlantic in her own right ?
If so, there is an excellent QM Website dealing with her time as a troopship. Some very interesting facts and figures here. Plus a Discussion Group is available;
new members welcome. It's had 103,000 visitors so far ; See what is being done to restore the Queen Mary to her former glory, of how she might be brought back to more closely resemble her original splendour for business, educational and cultural use in Long Beach. Considering the ill-conceived conversion, this is a major challenge.
I'll say! This site will keep you occupied for a few minutes.

HULL DAILY MAIL - the website of this ever-popular regional evening paper. Loads of links to everything of local interest. Even a daily record of all 'Family Announcements', births, marriages and deaths, etc. There's no archive though, so you have to catch the announcements on the actual day of publication in the HDM.

STAGECOACH (Hull) CAMERA CLUB - an excellent Camera & Photographic club, with this first-rate site. It's site is maintained by Keith Bilton, who posts up monthly competition entries and winners. There are often local views of Hull and the East Riding to be seen here not found elsewhere. A high standard of photography here, and well worth a visit.

service 64 in Ferensway PBase - PHOTOS OF OLD HULL - another photo archive of old Hull and environs. They're coming thick and fast now - other photos in this database are more modern, around East Yorkshire and York, but sadly, this link is not a direct one. But experienced Webbers will get in by following this routine; Click the link above to go to the site, where there are several photo galleries, then click on a 'Password Protected' logo, Family2 . It's well down the page, and enter, or copy & paste this password - sw1980r - to access it. Give it a few seconds, and up will pop something like 240 thumbnails. There have been copyright issues, hence the convoluted way to access them, but this section of the site is what can only be described as a superlative postcard collection. Trust me, it's worth the trouble to access it. Who recalls the old clock in the round window above the shop on the corner of Paragon Square? If you knew Hull well, allow yourself a good half hour.

MKH 81 stops in Beverley Market Place en route to Hessle EYMS vehicle site - after the demise of Fotopic, this is the best link to EYMS I can give. Apart from the interest in the old buses themselves, the streetscenes in many of these photos are superb. Shops and businesses long since passed into history, the fashions and attire of folks in the photos, the destinations on the buses, even the route numbers - all nostalgia for the right generation.

KVK 967 turns into Paragon Street down the side of the City
													Hall KHCT vehicles - from the same Flikrhinvemind site and source as the EYMS pages above - similarly, lots of street scenes, shop fronts, roads and city centre scenes now altered beyond belief, plus memories of the old Coach Station of late memory, as it was called in it's heyday when that EYMS coach depicted above used to leave daily for Newcastle and Tyneside -

Hull FC - no introduction needed for the Official Hull FC site, one of two homes in Hull for Rugby League. The home of Old Faithful -

Hull City AFC - the official site for Hull's premier soccer club, the new stadium, memories of Boothferry Park, et al. Lots of football information.

HULL FAIR - pages dedicated to all you wanted to know about Europe's largest travelling fair.

HULL KINGSTON ROVERS official site - aka The Robins - the second of two homes in Hull to Rugby League, depending on which side of the river you're on. For those in East Hull, this IS the premier site. All the same, for political correctness gone mad on THIS site, best kept apart. And long may the rivalry, friendliness and good-humoured banter continue.

THE CITIZENS ADVICE BUREAU - now have an excellent Website and should be consulted on all manner of legal questions in the first instance. Before you lay out expensive charges for a solicitor, check this site out. You may well get your questions answered here - or at least pointed in the right direction.

DISCOVER FINZI or MUSIC-WEB INTERNATIONAL - FINZI - are links to the English composer, Gerald Finzi, born in 1901. A much under-rated Englishman, who sadly died at a tragically early age, just 56 years ago in 1956. If you like Vaughan Williams, Butterworth, etc, you'll like this man's music. He knew, was friends with and was inspired by all their music. One of the midi-music sequences to be found on this website is Finzi's "Eclogue", all that remained of a piano concerto. The concerto has been reconstructed from other pieces he left, and this lovely piece would have been the slow movement. Or try his "Cello Concerto" for 40 minutes of sheer delight - or his "Dies Natalis" (Day of Birth), a baby's-eye view of the new world he's born into, in settings of poems by Thomas Traherne. Unbelievably lovely! English to the core! He was taken from us far too early. Another worthy Finzi site, THE GERALD FINZI TRUST , was run by Hyperion Records, and for a long while, this was the only site with a decent amount of information, record lists, etc. It is now on the same link as the one above. We have Hyperion to thank for being a sort of custodian of Finzi's memory until his recent rise in polularity, for holding the fort as we might say. If you have recently 'got into classical music', and particularly enjoy the English music that celebrates our native language and shores, this is most certainly a country lane to go down. There is so much of his music available as sound samples to be found on the web for free that you can try it first before you spend anything, but I'll guarantee you'll be searching the record stores for the full pieces before much more time has passed.

THE INTERNET BANDSMAN'S EVERYTHING WITHIN - or the IBEW - is a wonderful bandsman's resource, bands worldwide, competitions, history of hundreds of brass bands, let alone a photographic archive to die for. The Internet Bandsman's Everything Within is as comprehensive a set of brass band links and related information as it could possibly be. I'm astounded what's in there - if I can find an old 1930's photo of a band my grandad was in, in a small Leicestershire mining village, you can find 'owt ! Brilliant! It's been around since 1996, when it started out as a website for the Harrogate band. Now it's all things to all bandsmen!

MORRIS DANCING - is enjoying something of a renaissance in England right now, and rightly so. These are the real roots of our folk and dance culture. See this site for information on how to learn - or simply where to watch. Some like to go for the beer - others enjoy the dancing! This page lists links to many clubs around Britain and the world.

FUCHSIAS - very sadly, the previous link to the Swedish Fuchsia Society is no more; that society has unfortunately folded. So this is another suggestion for those already hooked, and those who think they may be tempted to get hooked. Give it a whirl and see what you think. Tips here particularly for urban gardeners, city folk, and for growing fuchsias in small spaces.

VINE WEEVILS - if you grow fuchsias, you'll certainly not want vine weevils, described by some as about the baddest of all the bad bugs you could possibly get in a garden. Do you have them? Would you recognise one, or it's grub nestled deep down in the compost? Do you know what you're in for if you advertantly bring some home in an infected pot? Do you know how to get shut of them? If not, read this discourse, and learn. I wish I had when I had the chance. Not doing so has cost me a small fortune. A knowledgeable friend on hand on the night we inadvertantly brought some weevils home in a new potted plant would have saved us a small fortune, as well as a lot of heartache.

World Directory of Towns and Cities - lists over 2 million places - gives Lat and Long, height above sea level, with further links to weather forecasts, and a mass of other information.

OLD MAPS , dating back to 1846-1950s - brings up a Counties Gazetteer; select your county, then select your village or town for more incredible history. A much bigger range of maps than formerly, most decades until after WW2. All can be brought up full screen if you explore it deeply enough. The button for this is almost hidden, but it's there. A fantastic resource for the family historian. Some maps are 1:2500 in scale, showing even tramlines and avenues of trees! Works of art.

Hull Blitz - maps plotting the fall of bombs - this links to a new window and a set of 16 scans of a large streetmap of Hull, dated 1945, onto which has been entered details of all falls of bombs for the period 1940-44. Each section loads separately in a new window, and was roughly A4 in size.

Sadly, for some reason, this no longer works. Runs on MS-Silverlight, which is an Add-On similar to Adobe Flash, but is no longer updated, so browsers won't load it. Shame, because it was very good. So it seems, it's back to the old one above I'm afraid, basic though it is. There's no clue on the site as to who owns or runs it, so I can't even get in touch with them.

Modern aerial views of Hull - the actual web page is now defunct, but can still be viewed as it was back in 2007 on the most excellent WAY BACK MACHINE , a massive web archive on which most past web pages can be found. Here we have a selection of about a dozen views from around 2,000 feet. Most of the city can be seen on the various shots. Also many views of both East Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire, and the general Humberside area - and I use that name in the geographical context as it used to be before the name was defiled in the 1974 so-called reforms. Just as we would still talk about Thameside, or Severnside - and nothing to do with politics.

Back to the Sutton & Wawne Museum Page
back to Home Page

For Remembrance -


Most WW1 & WW2 Links specific to Hull and the East Riding
are nearer the top of this page,
though there are two repeated below.

Just a suggestion, before you start - have a look at this list of
A Help Sheet specifically provided for young people.
It opens in a separate window, and you can print the questions leaving space for the answers you may get. If you can get answers to most of these, you'll be off to a magnificent start, as well as knowing your grandparent like never before.

MORE HELP SPECIFICALLY FOR YOUNG PERSONS . . . in understanding the vast numbers involved in the military during WW1. How many men were in a battalion, brigade, division, etc ? What was a Corps ?
This link is to a web page of explanation, written by the webmaster of this site, which hopefully will give you some basic help in understanding how many men were involved in what types of unit. It may help you to define just where and how your relative served. I've seen so many folks on the web asking these very same questions.

All these following links also open in a new browser window, leaving this Sutton page still open behind. Use ALT + Tab to alternate between them if you wish, or the Tab facility in Firefox.

FORCES VETERANS .. Soldiers Sailors & Airmen .. .. .. of all types, all ages,
a local help and support organisation. Based on Beverley Rd in Hull, HVSC offer help to any ex-Forces personnel who might require it. A place where ex-Forces can meet and enjoy each other's company and also find many contacts for help and assistance. They rely soley on donations and genererous gifts of cash and goods from companies and private individuals.

WESTERN FRONT ASSOCIATION - was formed with the aim of furthering interest in the period 1914-1918, to perpetuate the memory, courage and comradeship of all those who served their countries in France and Flanders and their own countries during The Great War. It does not seek to justify or glorify war. It is not a re-enactment society, nor is it commercially motivated. It is entirely non-political. The object of The Association is to educate the public in the history of The Great War with particular reference to the Western Front. Applications for membership are welcomed from anyone with a like mind.
(this above was taken from their intro on their Home Page - a most worthwhile site indeed).

WORLD WAR I - TRENCHES ON THE WEB - a complete directory of maps of the main areas of operation in Europe, 1914-1918.

An amazingly prophetic article written in November 1938 by a naval officer, explaining how Britain became embroiled in the Great War in the first place, and why by 1938, a second war was just about unavoidable.

LIVE AND LET LIVE - Before we leave links specific to the First War, I must recommend here a paperback book - a fascinating read and one that perhaps gives the best insight into the mindset of the ordinary British Tommies in that long-drawn-out conflict.
"TRENCH WARFARE 1914-1918: The Live and Let Live System" by Tony Ashworth and published in 1980. (ISBN 0330480685). It explains the root causes of the 1914 Christmas Truce, and how attitudes to the idea of giving the enemy 'constant attrition' varied from division to division, even battalion to battalion within the same regiments. It tells how there really were 'quiet sectors' of the front, and how unofficial dialogue between British and German soldiers within earshot of each other helped to keep a sector quiet for a while, and how the top brass on both sides strove to stamp the practice out with severe punishments for those caught collaborating with the enemy.

More than a few of our Tommies did not shoot to kill, they often deliberately intended to miss, aiming just close enough to make the enemy keep their heads down. And the Germans did the same to us, reciprocating the gesture. At times it was almost ritualistic, they'd fire a shell, we'd fire one back, but not actually aimed directly at the other, but just for show to keep their respective officers' happy.

Folks today will not realise that junior officers in charge of sections of trench had to fill in daily returns of the totals of ammunition spent, mortar shells, machine gun rounds, individual rifle rounds. Woe betide the officer who could not show that his men were up with the best of them in 'constant attrition.' The pressures from above to keep the fight going was tremendous. It's almost unbelievable now, but on the odd occasion when a shell, designed to miss, did kill, they often shouted apologies to each other in order to stop it escalating into a full firefight. Neither they nor the Germans saw any point in wanton killing if no territorial advantage could be immediately gained, other than to fulfill their unit requirement of ordnance expended, figures laid down by 'brasshats,' the brigadiers and general above. Why rile the enemy and take his trenches when you knew there were no reinforcements to follow it up. It was just asking for trouble.

And then of course, in other sectors, all hell would let loose, and for long periods of time. This is not a comment on our soldiers' bravery; far from it. But most men could only keep up constant attrition for so long, and after a time, even the most battle-hardened sickened of it. It became an unofficial way for soldiers to keep a tiny measure of control over their own lives in a way they couldn't when involved in the bigger and more famous battles. At the very least, it enabled tired men to get a few nights sleep and have their breakfast in relative peace - for the enemy just a few yards away was doing exactly the same.

We can only speculate whether a decisive conclusion to the war one way or the other could have been brought about much quicker had all the men on BOTH SIDES been equally as keen to kill ALL THE TIME - or perhaps whether the final casualty list could have been even worse for no appreciable gain in time or effect. I certainly sympathise with the men on both sides who needed a break from the constant killing - and yet also can well understand Douglas Haig's attitude that such practices would not win the war and constant attrition was the only answer. You know, I can't make my mind up.

World War II - Maps on the Web - more detailed maps, of World War II, many theatres of war, Europe, Far East, etc - eg. Places in Britain within range of German fighters.

Army Roll of Honour at The National Archives - can be used to find a war grave or burial site. Use in conjunction with the Commonwealth War Graves site below.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission - the first place to look if you have name, service, which war, and knowing a rank will help enormously with the most common names. Includes the Merchant Navy.

The Royal British Legion - the quintessential ex-serviceman's organisation, famous for organising the annual Festival of Remembrance in the Royal Albert Hall, as well as the annual Poppy Day collections nationwide.

MOD Records and Contacts - for all service records, an overall site linking to records offices for all three armed services, and also information on how to apply for copies of medals and decorations awarded, etc.

World War 1 Medal Rolls . Over half of the army's records for men who served in WW1 were destroyed by enemy action when bombs fell on Whitehall in WW2. Years later, someone cleverly realised that if a man or woman served abroad in the First War, then they were almost certainly awarded a campaign medal. And those records survived the bombing. This is a database of those Medal Rolls, all 5.5 million men and women, including those who died, all on one site. It came on line in Jan 04, and should now be complete. To send for an image of one particular record, the cost is GBP3.50, payable by credit card online. A wonderful resource, found at the National Archives, ie, Kew Records Centre in London. Of course, you can also come to us in here in the Sutton & Wawne Museum, where we have access to those same archives. Bring a memory stick and take an image of your relative's medal card away with you.

The Long, Long Trail - a massive site giving many Regimental, Corps and Battalion locations, specifically for the 1914-1918 War. Invaluable if you know the unit your forefather was in, but don't know where he went. Gives some very useful starting clues. For instance, if you know your man was in the East Yorkshires, and there was family talk of Salonika and fighting the Turks, then you have a lead on his being in either the 2nd or 6th Battalions - both of which served in the disastrous Dardanelles campaign.

The Veterans' Agency - an MOD site with lots more links and information.

The National Army Museum - in Royal Hospital Road, London.

RAF Museum, HENDON - for more links to archives and RAF history.

RAF Records Office - for links for addresses for service records of all personnel.

WAAFS - to the Women's Auxiliary Air Force Association, the women's section of the Royal Air Force.

WRACS - to the Women's Royal Army Corps Association, includes and incorporates the ATS, or Auxiliary Transport Services, who were the women pilots that delivered warplanes direct from the factories to the squadrons.

WW2 - NAVY, ARMY & AIR FORCE LISTS - all officers
Now here's a turn up for the books. Previously only available at the National Archives at Kew, for a price, now here online for free via the National Library of Scotland! The Navy List, Army List and Air Force List, for most of WW2. I couldn't believe it. Be warned, they can be a faddle to search through, but in effect, every man or woman commisioned into HM armed forces for the war years are listed here, as are every ship of the navy and the officers who commanded them. There are no 'ordinary ranks' for any of the forces. On some ships, maybe the Master at Arms is listed, sometimes in an army camp, a senior sergeant-major. But by and large, no NCOs. As an example, the Navy List starts with HM The King, and goes down the lowliest temporary sub-lieutenant. Every officer in the Royal Marines is over a space of 27 pages. The full navy list is over 2 books, each with some 1,500 pages. I had a brief look at some ships, and found Prince Philip as a midshipman on the VALIANT and a lieutenant on the WHELP. They are not full crew lists, just officers. A brief look at the Air Force List found me author Roahl Dahl as a Pilot Officer in 1940. Also lists military hospitals, even down to the senior pharmacist in each hospital, senior ward sisters, etc. It is a fascinating scroll through a fascinating time in our history.

AIRCREW REMEMBRANCE SOCIETY - speaks for itself, a very worthy site to be added here. It runs on donations from members of the public and indeed is reliant upon the public for increasing their total library of information. It's a non-political site dedicated to perpetuating the memory of aircrew lost mainly during the Second World War. See the very bottom of this page for links to wartime issues of "FLIGHT - Service Aviation" issued to RAF and FAA personnel.
Very useful for lists of casualties, honours and awards, etc.

THE NOT FORGOTTEN ASSOCIATION . . . a Tri-Service Charity, "which provides entertainment, leisure and recreation for the serving wounded, injured or sick and for ex-service men and women with disabilities," to quote directly from their website. Incredibly, they were founded around the same time as the Royal British Legion, being founded in 1922. Today's patron, since 2000, is HRH The Princess Royal, and the charity is also supported by 'Help for Heroes.' They help around 12,000 people a year. Naturally, their emblem is an elephant. Elephants never forget, do they. A good choice.

AUXILLIARY TERRITORIAL SERVICE - a different ATS , those thousands of unsung women of all ages who did their bit towards the ultimate victory by doing what had previously been men's jobs in the forces, jobs that relieved more men of the armed forces to take the war to the enemy. Women that were drivers, clerks, cooks and orderlies, gunners and armourers, searchlight operators, wireless operators and telephonists, and not forgetting that legion of storewomen feared by rookie soldiers everywhere. We couldn't have won it without them. This is a tremendous site, and comes recommended by your Webmaster.

LAND ARMY & TIMBER CORPS - another massive group of unsung women, even more thousands, that worked the land and set free farmers and farm labourers free to join the armed forces. Another major organisation of womenfolk that made such a huge contribution, we couldn't have won it without them either. Between the ATS and the Land Army, this nation owes a huge debt of gratitude, and it's been far too long in the coming. Another recommended site for Grandmas everywhere. Grandkids should be saying, 'what did YOU do in the war, Grandma?". Some of their stories will astonish you.

National Maritime Museum - in Greenwich holds records for casualty lists of merchant shipping losses. This goes to the Collections page, because the Home Page didn't seem to be working when I tried it, showing an error (29/01/05).

WRNS - the Women's Royal Naval Service Benevolent Trust - the women's section of the Royal Navy. Now disbanded as a separate service, as with the WRACS and WAAFS above, the WRNS likewise performed sterling service supporting the administrative side of the navy, in bases all over the world. As well as basic office duties, they were also invaluable in manning war rooms, signals and transport sections, supporting the work of fighting ships in every imaginable way.

NAVAL HISTORY NET ... a truly incredible and valuable resource, and growing. Devised and provided by Gordon Smith as a tribute to his father, killed at sea in WW2, and also his grandfather, who served in both world wars. It lists EVERY naval casualty of the RN and Dominion Navies - including Royal Marines - who were killed or died, by enemy action or by accident, whilst in service at sea, or on a shore station, including between the wars. For instance, it is incredible how many men, and women, we lost just to road accidents in foreign ports. Also lists all our warships, where they served, what happened to them, in fact, just about all you want to know about our Royal Navy history. It's sobering to see lists of dead, day by day as we go through the months of war, and see listed the whole ship's company of sometimes hundreds of men, often designated as MPK - missing presumed killed - but the exact fate of that ship is still unknown, just that she was sunk or bombed and was lost without trace with all hands - very, very moving.

CONVOY WEB ... the link to Naval History above does also link to this, but this link takes you directly to this superb site. WW2 naval historians will be beside themselves with joy here. Every convoy of WW2, all their code letters, dates and ports of departure and arrival, names of ships within the convoys, sometimes numbers of troops aboard troopships. When researching, the site makes one good point to remember, will save a lot of time later to emphasise it here; troops were frequently embarked aboard their troopships some days before the actual date of sailing shown in the archives , typically three or four days. Similarly, on arrival, troops may be another day or so before actual disembarkation. Generally, a Magnificent Site, and should be far better known.

ROYAL NAVAL MUSEUM - at HM Naval Base, Portsmouth. Lots of info on HMS Victory, HMS M.33, plus a features on the Dardanelles Campaign of 1915 marking the centenary, plus much more. Includes links to history and records for Royal Marines. Also see next entry below.

ROYAL MARINES MUSEUM - at Eastney Barracks, Southsea. Includes links to RM Commandos, and how to train to be a Royal Marine Commando. One of Britain's oldest regiments, though technically have long been a Corps, it was known as the Admiral's Regiment, and first formed in 1664. The nation's 'Sea Soldiers', with detachments on most large warships as well as the commando HQs ashore, Royal Marines have long been regarded as Britain's sheet anchor. They undertake everything from small landing and boarding parties to full-scale invasions, a Commando unit being roughly the equivalent of an army battalion, around 800 men. "By Sea, By Land" is their motto, amphibious warfare is their speciality. They proudly marked their 350th anniversary in 2014 with some style, and has a world-famous band service renowned for it's display of the historic naval ceremonies of Beating Retreat and Sunset.

ROYAL NAVAL PATROL SERVICE ASSOCIATION - shown here because so many men from Hull and the Humber ports volunteered, often as whole crews together in much the same fashion as the Pals Battalions in the army of the Great War, that I thought it proper to have a direct link. There's a picture of the RNPS Memorial at Lowestoft, as well as their museum and HQ in what was HMS Europa in Sparrow's Nest Gardens in Lowestoft. The memorial overlooks both the gardens and the sea. This is for all those who served in "Harry Tate's Navy" - brave men, and hitherto their contribution, no less vital than say the pilots of the Battle of Britain, has so often been unrecognised. Minesweeping, anti-submarine patrols, air-sea rescue, and a lot of 'dangerous and dirty' jobs no one else would willingly undertake, all fell to the men of this unique if unglamorous outfit. Taking on a submarine in only a fishing trawler armed with a 12-pdr gun, doing both Atlantic and Arctic Convoy escort duty, landing Special Forces and reconnaissance units on enemy shores, were all no mean feats. There casualty rate was horrendous, on a par to the Merchant Navy and Bomber Command. And for those that survived, when the war was over, it was simply back to the fishing and earning a living in one of the most dangerous occupations on this earth - or sea. We're proud to honour them here.

DEMS Gunners - this link is the best first step to find information on these often overlooked men, by searching on Wikipedia. DEMS stood for 'Defensively Armed Merchant Ships', and any relatives that have come across references to a man being part of the ship's company of a vessel called HMS PRESIDENT will want to know about this. For PRESIDENT was simply an old steam ship moored in the Thames, and she's still there with her yellow funnel and can now be hired for functions and parties. But in WW2, PRESIDENT was the pay HQ of all naval ratings assigned to merchant ships for gunnery protection against German subs and aircraft. More than a few of these men lost their lives on some unheard of merchant ship or tramp steamer, and the only record left is of their name inscribed on the RN memorial and as having supposedly served on HMS PRESIDENT. In the vast majority of cases, they never set foot aboard her. There was a lot more to their stories than that, very complicated and all wrapped up in the British government's desire to be seen to be observing the rule of war whilst still giving our merchant seamen some protection. The Americans were far less squeamish, and called their USN gunnery ratings 'Armed Guards'. Often, they served together on the same ships with Royal Navy personnel, as we 'loaned' the Americans some of our DEMS gunners. So it's worth seeking out Armed Guard websites too. If you have a relative that was killed at sea, apparently on an American merchant ship, the chances are he was really a Royal Naval rating trained as a DEMS gunner on smaller calibre guns, like 3" or the famous anti-aircraft Oerlikon, or even mounted Lewis guns of WW1 vintage. They really were fighting against all the odds and were very brave men indeed. Many would go on to find themselves taking on a squadron of Luftwaffe Stukas armed with nothing more than an ageing WW1 machine gun, and many lost that unequal battle doing it. Others simply died in their sleep when torpedoed, or drowned in abandoning ship. For those who have never even heard of DEMS gunners, just knowing what they were will help.

CONVOYWEB - I can't recommend or praise this site enough. If you have been researching anyone who served in the Royal or Merchant Navy and trying to trace ships, convoys, movements around the globe in those vital years 1939-1945, then this site is a real find. And free. A good example is when looking for a DEMS gunner detailed above. If you know the name of the ship, or when your relative sailed or arrived, or ports he mentioned, you have a good chance of finding out even more. Even if you have no ship, but have dates or port of departure, you still have a chance. In many cases, it's more a question of a process by elimination. When looking for those killed, the CWGC site will name the ship, and more details may then be on the equally incredible Naval History site, and the "Casualty Researches of Don Kindell". All those killed in action, missing presume killed (mpk), died of wounds (DOW) or just died of illness whilst part of a ships company, all are listed for the RN and Dominion navies. Even those killed in road accidents when ashore are listed.

FLEET AIR ARM MUSEUM - at RNAS Yeovilton, Somerset, will change your perception of aircraft Museums. The Museum has the largest collection of Naval aircraft anywhere in Europe, together with the first British built Concorde which you can go aboard and visit the cockpit. Find out more by exploring this Web Site and then see us for yourself.

A local site run by a team of enthusiasts keen to see the part Hull and the East Riding played in both world wars more widely told. Whether the role of the Hull Pals battalions in the Great War, or Hull's untold suffering in the blitz in the second, this is a remarkable site, with a great wealth of interest to this area. It's particularly strong on other bodies and authorities as well as the regular military, so police and fire brigades, civil defence and Home Guard, and many other auxilliary units all have a place here. There's an extra-special focus on individual stories, as well as pages on each of the RAF stations across East Yorkshire. It will grow and grow, and well worth a visit.

A more complete story of Hull in World War One . . . a totally marvellous and phenomenal new website dedicated to honouring every single one of all the men of Hull who lost their lives in the First World War. It really is an amazing resource, with losses even listed by street name as well as by service, regiment or ship. An incredible amount of information here, all researched and put together by Hull WW1 historian Paul Bishop. It will certainly be well used by folks here at the Sutton & Wawne Museum, and I wholeheartedly recommend it as a new resource to use alongside the existing ones, such as Hull & East Riding at War listed above. Thank you Paul.

NEW !! Jan 2018
Though new to us, this is an ongoing project that has so far taken 20 years. The author, a former serviceman himself, has compiled searchable lists of losses of the East Yorkshire Regiment, divided into those for officers and another database for other ranks. There is also a list of Hull's military losses generally for all forces, and an Absent Voters List which mostly points to Prisoners of War, again of all forces. The site includes information on thousands of men from Hull and the East Riding villages who served and survived. Dozens of images of printed casualty lists are also to be found, under "EAST YORKS MEMORIALS". And all for free, by the way. If you've already been unsuccessful in searching for details of a man, who you know from the CWGC site died in service, or even served, then check these lists out. It's a very easy-to-use site, no adverts or fripparies, whose simple layout belies the massive database that underlies it all. I'm told there are some 60,000 names all told, so not just the 7,000 or so men from Hull that were killed, but as many 'also served' as the author can find ... and it's still ongoing and being added to.
If you know of an omission, you can add to it by emailing the author.

. . . the successor to both the East and West Yorkshires, the Green Howards, and the Duke of Wellington's Regiment. Their website takes you to their regimental museum pages, with a comprehensive regimental history of not just both world wars, but many other conflicts too. There are a surprising number of records you can access online, though some WW2 records pertaining to men enlisted and discharged are not yet available online. Most WW1 records are.

the successor to both the East and West Yorkshires, the Green Howards, and the Duke of Wellington's Regiment. Their website takes you to their regimental museum pages, with a comprehensive regimental history of not just both world wars, but many other conflicts too. There are a surprising number of records you can access online, though some WW2 records pertaining to men enlisted and discharged are not yet available online. Most WW1 records are.

MARITIME HISTORY RESOURCES - is a wonderful Maritime History Resource site based in the USA, for Passenger Lists of emigration ships from the UK and Ireland, and other general genealogical resources, plus lists of maritime museums specific to the US. There's a ship search for the US Coast Guard, and many other interesting links. This is also a charity web site where Americans were first able to donate unwanted boats and even yachts; this expanded to include cars, motorbikes and trailers. These are all collected promptly for free. Perhaps we'll see such charitable collections here in the UK before long.

THE SECRET LISTENERS - a website dedicated to the army of WW2 'secret radio listeners' who used their own amateur radio sets to firstly listen out for German spies here in Britain from 1940 onwards, but more importantly who later discovered the wealth of secret German High Command radio traffic in their 'uncrackable' five-letter codes. A truly amazing story, one that will especially fascinate anyone with an interest in radio and its early history.

EDEN CAMP - If you didn't live through these wars, but want to know more about the privations and hardships your family had to bear on the 'Home Front', or experience a little of the atmosphere of the times, then you should visit this excellent museum just outside Malton. I use the word "experience" advisedly - you will not feel the real fear and cold and pain, but you may come to understand a little, just a little. You may have had older relatives no longer with us who told you something of those years, and they, perhaps, were very descriptive. Perhaps you doubted them, considered their stories somewhat exaggerated. Come to Eden Camp, and I think you'll find they didn't exaggarate one bit, more likely they couldn't or wouldn't tell you the half of it. It would be hard to exaggerate what our enemies did to us, and even more of what they did in continental Europe to other nations, or the exploits of the Japanese out in the Far East to the Chinese, Malays, the Philipines or Burmese. But Eden's story is primarily of the war here in Europe. Thankfully, our parents never knew the horrors of whole villages of women and children being rounded up and locked in a church, to which our very considerate enemy then set fire, as reprisals for what some of the menfolk had done. Let's not beat about the bush, yes, Germans did that several times, in France, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Italy, though admittedly, it wasn't always in a church. I suspect some reading this will not believe that. But I daresay they'll get round to checking it out on "WW2 Atrocities", even if just out of curiosity. Please note that this address is via the "Way Back Machine", which is an internet archive site because George Duncan's excellent site had disappeared online. The archive records extinct websites such as this, and make them still available for us forever.

In our home experience, just for a woman to have to contend with the rationing, the scarcity of new clothes and fashions, the worry of having your children sent miles away 'to safety', let alone whether your man, your dad, or brother, was coming home, is enough thought for us that came afterwards to realise that these wonderful displays in the old prisoner-of-war huts do not begin to help us fully understand what they went through. But it's a start. And then, atop of all that, there was the bombing.

Remember this if you go to Eden Camp - as you pay your money to go in, you know you will be coming out. Also, you have the benefit of 70 years of history that tells us that, not only did Britain and the free world win, but that we were right to do what we did. Your forebears neither knew for certain we were going to win, until roughly 1943-44, and for much of the war, most didn't really know what was going on elsewhere. To put it simply, folks in Coventry and London, suffering as they did, had no idea that Hull was having it just as bad - because no-one told them, except by heresay, and that was just rumour when all said and done. Men falling on the field of battle at El Alamein were not to know that their sacrifice was to be a turning point, that history would deem their actions, even in death, helped to turn a perilous corner. Few held the full story. We know all this now. And when the full story came to be told, few realised just how much of a close call we'd all had - we very nearly didn't win. Taken by sheer weight of armour, aircraft, numbers of men and their total war machine, Germany should have won that war. And they know it. What is even more chilling, is that the descendants of the German war machine of those years know it too. Why they didn't is another fascinating story. But, as the victor of Waterloo famously said, "it was a damned close run thing." And that's some understatement. Eden Camp tells a good deal of that story.

For those of you that did experience all this, and served, and though frightened to death, still went back off leave for another dose of what you knew was coming, still went out at night firewatching, still went to work daily not knowing if your work was still there, still ushered your family and children down the shelters almost nightly, I salute you - ! And so should everyone else. Most of us will never know, let alone repay, the debt that we owe you.

Finally, a link to a rare honour for animals. Many will have heard of the Dicken Medal, but I suspect many will have not. There are many unknown stories on here of animals that were honoured for their bravery and standing steadfast in the face of great danger. As their website says, the PDSA Dickin Medal is the highest award any animal can receive whilst serving in military conflict. There have been quite a few surprising recipients.

TO SUM UP . . .

. . . and a few more tips to searching

All these above sites will contain many, many links to lead you further on into your research. Also remember that there are hundreds if not thousands of websites posted by individuals, service veterans, their families, that document particular regiments, squadrons, or ships. Since I first wrote this, there has been a massive increase in the number of blogs, forums, and private memories online. It really is incredible just what can be found. Use GOOGLE and enter basic details : for instance, enter SQUADRON 160 RAF CEYLON - and see what pops up. You'll find some instances of where ex-aircrew have posted up actual reports of Air Accident Investigations for losses of individual aircraft. There's information now on the web for all to see that was not given or available to the relatives of lost servicemen at the time of their deaths.

Similarly, search for ships by name, especially the more famous ones - type "HMS HOOD" and use the inverted commas to force a search for the whole name. Many names are thoroughly ambiguous, such as the county class cruisers like the SUFFOLK and DORSETSHIRE - you need to box a bit clever with these, and add the name of the theatre of war, or action, or enemy ship they were engaged with. Type SUFFOLK BISMARCK and see what pops up. There are 57,000 references, the vast majority pointing to the ships themselves, though some will coincidentally be referring to the county of Suffolk and some gentry that was related to Count von Bismarck himself. Also with ships, after loading the links, another worthwhile search is for an IMAGE SEARCH. I did it and the first four pictures are of the Royal Navy cruiser SUFFOLK herself, and the fifth was pic of her Swordfish aircraft taken from the film, SINK THE BISMARCK, starring Kenneth More. The ways of searching are endless.

Type 4TH BTN NORTHANTS - and dozens of links pop up that contain references to that particular unit in that county regiment, some of which will link to the regimental museum itself. If you have the name of a particular action or battle, type it in - eg SOMME NORTHAMPTONSHIRE, and also use NORTHANTS, as when a battalion is referred to, the colloquial terminology is often used to shorten the county name - for instance, a man would have said he was in - "the 4th Northants, the 1st Leicesters, or the 8th Warwicks."

The amount of information already out there is nothing short of incredible, and this is early days in the history of the web. It's only really been growing apace for this past 20 years. Don't be put off by quantity, you'll soon learn to fly through the flotsam and jetsam of the internet and spot the information you're looking for.

Ever heard of Jan Baalsrud ? Those few of you who have read the 1955 book "We Die Alone" will know who I mean. He was a Norwegian Resistance Fighter during WW II. He had one of the most amazing experiences and escapes ever told, and his sheer strength and endurance is an epic tale in itself, let alone naked courage. What would you make of a man who amputated his own toes? Well, 9 - all bar one of them. If you want to know more, go to the Google.com search engine, and type in "Jan Baalsrud", just like that, in inverted commas. Up will pop plenty of links. What a story - get the book; it was re-published in the early 1990's. I spent several years not quite believing it, and only found it was true on the Internet, when I saw a photo of Jan with King Haakon. There's more to this story than I'm telling - I'm not giving the end away - see for yourself. The best read you'll ever have. A real hero, in anyone's book! Young ladies should note that REAL men used to be built like this years ago.

Well, that's almost enough to be going on with.
There's enough here to keep most of you up for an hour or two.

Clicking the "More Detailed Weather" line at the bottom of the box below
will open a full report, with a map, in a new window.

Does anyone around these parts have any interest in ships ?
See what's in Hull. Where it came from.
See what's in Valetta's Grand Harbour, or Hong Kong. Even Goole.
Click the map, use the wheel to zoom in or out, drag to move around the world.
Click a ship, and see a photo of it. There's amazing detail within.
[ed: try as I might, I can't get this to zoom in on loading and centre on the Humber, so just drag this map so you centre it
over the North Sea and go from there.]

but it is better to see the

FLIGHT - Service Aviation
is an amazing archive of most wartime issues of this magazine, issued to
RAF and Fleet Air Arm personnel throughout the war.
Apart from the general historical interest re aircraft, what is most
useful to family historians is the huge amount of info and data given,
each six months, on casualties, promotions, decorations and awards.
Yes, even down to Mentioned in Despatches, so notoriously hard to find.
There were two issues a year, in January, and July, and they are huge files,
and take some time to open in Adobe Acrobat. Tip: use another PDF reader
if you plan to do word searches, say for a name. Adobe doesn't help you there.

1940 - 1 1940 - 2

1941 - 1 1941 - 2

1942 - 1 1942 - 2

1943 - 1 1943 - 2

1944 - 1 1944 - 2

1945 - 1

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